Germinal matrix hemorrhage - grading of intracranial bleeding in neonates

Grading of intracranial hemorrhage in neonates is based on ultrasound imaging. It has four grades with increasing mortality and decreasing outcome.

Grade Description
Grade I hemorrhage is confined to the germinal matrix
Grade II intraventricular hemorrhage without ventricular dilation
Grade III intraventricular hemorrhage with ventricular dilation
Grade IV intraventricular rupture and hemorrhage into the surrounding white matter


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